Does wearing a face mask stop or slow down the spread of respiratory viruses?
This Cochrane review shows that compared with no face mask use, wearing a face mask may make little to no difference in how many people that catches a flu‐like illness. It probably makes little to no difference in how many people that have flu confirmed by a laboratory test. Unwanted effects are rarely reported but include discomfort. Furthermore, it may seem that it makes little to no difference what type of face mask is used. This review searched for studies in April 2020 and does not include studies on COVID‐19.
Vaccination communication between healthcare workers and older adults
Communication with healthcare workers can play an important role in older people’s decisions to vaccinate. However, healthcare workersneed the opportunity, skills and information to communicate well. They also need to consider the possible tension between wanting to increase vaccine uptake and wanting to support individual decisions. Based on findings from a forthcoming Cochrane Review, this brief offers questions and prompts to support people planning communication strategies.
Strategies to support the mental wellbeing of frontline workers during infectious disease epidemics
Working as a ‘frontline’ health or social care professional during a global disease pandemic, like COVID-19, can be very stressful. Over time, the negative effects of stress can lead to mental health problems such as depression and anxiety, which, in turn, may affect work, family and other social relationships. Frontline workers can use various strategies to support their mental well-being. These could include work-based strategies, such as changing routines or improving equipment; or psychological support strategies, such as counselling.
Rapid review on health care worker adherence to infection prevention and control guidance
When respiratory infectious diseases become widespread, such as during the Covid-19 pandemic, health care workers’ use of infection prevention and control (IPC) strategies becomes critical. These strategies include the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) such as masks, face shields, gloves and gowns; the separation of patients with respiratory infections from others; and stricter cleaning routines. These strategies can be difficult and time-consuming to implement. Authorities and healthcare facilities therefore need to consider how best to implement them.
Critical care telemedicine: implementation considerations
In critical care telemedicine (CCT), patients in intensive care units (ICUs) are monitored by critical care experts based at a ‘hub’ outside the hospital. By monitoring patients, hub staff are able to warn staff at the bedside of potential problems and offer them decision support. The use of CCT means that patients and staff in rural or small hospitals have access to critical care experts. But authorities and healthcare facilities need to consider how best to implement them.
Using mobile phones to keep track of medicines and other supplies
Photo: Danielle Deidun, Flickr
New Cochrane Reviews on mHealth: Implementation considerations
Health workers and health systems increasingly use mobile phones and tablets to organise health care, provide services and communicate with clients, patients and the public (often referred to as 'mHealth').
Reviewing deaths to prevent future deaths
This Cochrane Review, published in March 2020, aimed to assess if ‘death audits and reviews’ (exploring why people have died and what could have been done to prevent these deaths) can prevent mothers and children from dying.Read the summary here
How often should IV drips be changed?
This Cochrane review shows that there is probably little or no difference in safety if you change IV drips (peripheral venous catheters) only when clinically indicated compared to routine replacement. To change IV drips only when clinically indicated probably costs less than routine replacement of these.What does the research tell us?
«Briefly summarised» is a dissemination project where we develop and produce summaries of systematic reviews. The aim is to communicate research in a short and simple way. We have now gathered materials developed by staff at Cochrane Norway to share with people interrested in research communication. Check out this page